Breeding & keeping info

The experience of Eublepharis hardwickii keeping and breeding at BION Terrarium Center

by Dmitri Tkachev,  Ivan Neizhko  & Anna Golenko

The Eastern Indian Leopard Gecko (Eublepharis hardwickii) inhabits the low mountain region of East India and Bangladesh, where it could be found around 500-1,500 m above sea level.

Adult animals attain a length of 20-23 cm. The coloration of adults is similar to Hemitheconyx or Goniurosaurus.

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E. hardwickii is a nocturnal insectivorous species. It prefer moist and dry forests and can be found under big boulders and in hollows at the base of trees. Sometimes it could be found at the human settlements.

This species is not listed by CITES. However, it’s still rare in captivity and extremely interesting for keeping and breeding .

For May 2015, the breeding group of Indian Leopard Geckos in BION includes 1 adult male and 4 females. Currently we have 6 clutches 3 juveniles.

The typical enclosure conditions

For the adult group we recommend to use the enclosure not less than 500x450x400 cm. The bottom area should not be less than 0,2 m². Except the breeding season, we keep adults separately.

Substrate: paper sheets or clay.

Decoration:  bamboo and stones shelters , moist chamber (with moss or wet paper sheets), water bowl.

Illumination: full spectrum lamp is needed only for youngs. For adults we use  fluorescent  lamps. Day length is usually 12 hours and up to 14 hours for the breeding season.

Temperature and heating: we don`t use spot lamps for this species. Temperature at the enclosures should be about 22-23º C at night and 25-26º C (not more than 28º C!) in the daytime.

Humidity: 70-80% (spraying with warm water 3 times a day).

Diet: adult animals receive crickets (4-6 ones 3-4 times per week), Shefordella tartara (5 insects once per week, immobilized), baby mice (one per week for gravid females and females after making clutch).

Mineral supplements: we give Calcium 3-4 times a week  with crickets, and there is a dish with a powder of Calcium with D3 at the enclosure.

Hibernation: the period of hibernation takes about 75 days (usually, from January till February). Temperature: 16-18º C. Humidity: 70-80%. Illumination: not used. Water bowl and moist chamber are necessary. Before and after wintering we bring down and raise temperature gradually during 14 days.

Breeding

Eublepharis hardwickii become sexually mature at the age of 12-18 month. During the breeding season animals need a higher humidity, 14 hours day and the moist chamber with wet coco bark. For mating, we keep adults in groups of 1 male with 1-3 females.

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Pregnancy takes about 19-20 days after mating. The interval between clutches is also 19-20 days.

Temperature of incubation: 28º C to obtain females and 32º C to obtain males.

Humidity for incubation: 70-80% (a drop of water should appear on the surface of substrate – vermiculate – after pressing it).

Offsprings

We keep young animals in plastic boxes until 3 month age. We recommend to use ferplasts 45x30x30 cm for every individual.

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Substrate: paper towels.

Humidity: babies need spraying 2-3 times a day and a moist chamber.

In the age of 3 month, we remove youngs to the bigger terrariums. Mails should be kept separately, and females could be placed in couples.

Feeding: crickets and cockroaches of useful size.

Calcium should be proposed with every feeding.

Veterinary

Calcium is very important to prevent problems with health of this geckos. So, animals should receive calcium with every feeding and at the dish in their enclosure.

If juveniles show the first signs of richets, you should promptly give them high UV illumination (for example, 280 nm 2 minutes once per 2 days) and more calcium (calcium gluconate in liquid should be offered orally by 2-3 drops every other day) until absolute recovery.

Useful sources:

www.iucnredlist.org/details/174115/0

-http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Eublepharis&species=hardwickii

- The Eyelash Geckos, Care, Breeding and Natural History by Andreas Kirschner, Yuri Kaverkin, Hermann Seufer (Hollywood Import & Export, Inc. 2005)

Petrosaurus thalassinus keeping & breeding at BION Terrarium Center  

by Dmitri Tkachev & Ivan Neizhko 

 

Preface 

The colorful medium size Blue iguana (Petrosaurus thalassinus) in habits rocky slopes across Californian Bay up to 2000m above sea level. Their distribution area includes ocean cost around Mexican board + neighboring islands and is pretty small.

Despite high demand of this species on reptile’s market the supply is always limited.

We keep Petrosaurus thalassinus in BION Terrarium Center since 2006.

For October 2014 ourfoundstock consists of:

   -   One adult pair (1:1)

   -   Four young pairs c.b. 2013 (4:4) – should be ready for breeding in 2015

   -  17 unsex babies from Dutch breeder unrelated line 

The details of keeping

Terrarium:  For adult pair (1:1) we use horizontal type terrarium 100x60x50 cm. Babies and young lizards are kept in terrariums  60x40x40 cm. Pls see the pictures.

 

Substrate: sand mixed with clay.

Decoration: Rocks, bark, cork for climbing, artificial rocks from gypsum.

Lighting :  Full spectrum lamp; 14 hours at summer, 8 hours at winter.

Heating:  100 watt lamp for adults and 60 watt lamp for juveniles , 14 hours at summer (depends on the temperature in the terrarium), 8 hours at winter.

UV: Full spectrum Zoo Med lamp “Reptisun UV.10”; 14 hours at summer, 8 hours at winter.

Temperature: Day t - 26-28°C (basking place – up to 45°C), night  - 20-22°C.

Humidity: During breeding season (February – June) - 70% is achieved by intensively spraying of enclosure with decoration 2 times per day. Starting July - 50-60 %.

Diet:  For adults: crickets, roaches, zophobas, mealworms. We provide “live food” 3 times per week by 3-4 insects per head. Also salad is provided 3 times per week. Summer: dandelion, nettle, clover, plantain, leaves of cultivated grapes. Winter: chinese cabbage, different kinds of green salads, parsley, celery, carrot.

Mineral supplements:Each feeding we sprinkle insects with calcium (especially it’s important for babies and pregnant females). We use Reptical.

Vitamins we provide 1 time per week for all animals:

Repashi for babies and adults – 1 time per week.

Mineral all – 1 time per week.

Breeding

Males and females reach their sexual maturity around 18 months.

We keep adult lizards in pairs (1:1), also possible to keep in groups (1:2).

Hibernation is from the beginning of November till the end of January. The temperature that time is 18°C. No lighting. Fresh water is available all the time. Humidity is low - 50%.

Mating observed in January. Pregnancy takes about 1-1.5 months. Femaledig their eggs in cacapacity with wet sand. Eggs are incubated in a moist vermiculite (medium fraction) . With temperature 28-29°C incubation takes 50-60 days

 

Breeding statistics:

-   In 2012 we got 4 babies from a singlefemale (1 clutch of 6 eggs total)

-   In 2013 we got 23 babies from asingle female (1 clutch of 23 eggs total)

-   In 2014 we got 1 unfertilized clutch from asingle female. 

    Keeping offsprings:

The conditions are same as for adults, taking in consideration the size of enclosure and the size of insects for food.

Diet: crickets, roaches, zophobas, mealworms. We provide “live” food corresponding size 3 times per week by 3-4 insects per head. Salad is recommended in small quantities, also 3 times per week.

For all babies 2 months old  we give Reptivit with D3 and Reptivit without D3.

Very important: providing UV, Vitamins and mineral supplements on a regular base.

We recommend keeping babies one by one (maximum 2 in one place).

Important! The required temperature  air: day 26-30 °C and 15-22°C at night. 

Veterinary issues:

Young lizards can bite each other if they kept all together. In this case you need to treat the bitten place with hydrogen peroxide, and then apply veterinary ointment Mastijet® Forte to the wound. Use the ointment every other day until a crust on the wound. THE LAST BUT NOT LEAST – immediately  separate them to avoid further problems. 

Sources:

www.petrosaurus.nl

www.petrosaurus.de

Uroplatus pietscmanni - keeping & breeding at BION Terrarium Center

by Anna Ivanuna & Lilja Krivosheeva

 

 Preface

The bark leaf tailed gecko (Uroplatus pietschmanni) is described by Böhle & Schönecker  in 2004 only!

This unusual looking and attractive geckos inhabits very limited area (few forests only) in Fierenana, East Madagascar. They lives in primary forests.

For today U.pietschmanni is breed in limited numbers in captivity  but still is  in high demand on reptile’s market.

We keep Uroplatus pietschmanni in BION Terrarium Center since 2010 and start to breed them  in 2012.

We imported 34 specimens direct from Madagascar in the end of 2010.

For October 2014, we have 11 adult males, 11 adult females and 2 c.b. babies as our current breeding stock.

 The details of keeping

 Terrarium: For adults –  70х50х50 cm. Substrate: medium size bark. For babies –  30х30х30 cm.

IMG 0925 IMG 0926

Substrate: small size bark.

Decoration:medium size vertical and horizontal branches, lianas, pieces of bark for climbing; hollows and hiding places, live plants.

Lighting :  full spectrum Zoo Med lamp “Reptisun UV.5”; up to 10 hours during breeding season and 6-8 hours at the rest of time.

Heating: 40 watt spot lamp.

Temperature: day  - 22-26°C (basking place - maximum 29°C), night  - 16-20°C.

Humidity: 60-80% - both for babies and adults.

Diet:  For adults: Turkestan roaches (Blatta lateralis), butterflies of Pyralidae family, crickets. The size of insects should be not less than 1.5 cm. Food is provided 1-2 times per week by 1-2 insects per head. If the certain animal has a tendency to obesity  feeding should be limited.

For babies: Turkestan roaches (Blatta lateralis), butterflies of Pyralidae family, crickets. The size of insects should be not less than 0.7 cm. Food is provided 2-3 times per week by 3 insects per head.

Mineral supplements:  Every other feeding we sprinkle insects with calcium and vitamins. We use Zoo Med “Reptivit with D3” and “Reptivit without D3”, Reptical.

Also we give “Mineral All”from  Repashi one time per week. 

Breeding

Males and females reach their sexual maturity around 18 months.

We keep adult lizards in pairs (1:1).

One female makes 3-5 clutches per season.

The clutch consists of 1-2 eggs.

 

In average 1 female gives up to 6 fertile eggs per season.

 Breeding statistics:

-         In 2012 we just got first clutches from wild female (9 eggs total)

-         In 2013 we got 19 babies from 24 eggs total.

$1-         In 2014 we got 40 eggs total (31 fertile + 9 unfertile). For the moment 11 babies are hatched. Other eggs are still in the incubator.

Keeping offsprings:

The size of  new born lisards are  about 5-6 cm, including tail.  According to our observations, if a baby is born smaller, it usually doesn’t survive.

 

Healthy babies grow quickly adding by 1cm to their size each month. Size of terrarium should be changed properly in time.

 Veterinary issues:

Sometimes you could have a problems with shedding due to low humidity or lack of vitamin A in lisard’s diet. You need to increase the overall humidity in the terrarium. Also we use vitamin productChiktonik” 2-5 times every 2-3 days until improvement. Concentration of the solution: 1 part of vitamin for 100 parts of water.

Useful sources:

 

Frank Glaw - Miguel Vences. 2007: Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag GbR 3rd Edition. 496 pp. Germany

 

Sacha Svatek and Susanna van Duin. 2001. Leaf-tailed geckos – the Genus Uroplatus. Brahmer-Verlag, 161 p. Germany

 

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/172943/0

http://www.geocities.ws/reptiluvr/upietschmannicaresheet.htm

Keeping and breeding of Shield tailed agamas ( Хеnаgаmа taylori ) at BION Terrarium Center

by Dmitri Tkachev & Ivan Neizhko   

IMG 0681f IMG 0679

Preface 

Shield tailed agama (Xenagama taylori, Parker, 1935) inhabits desert areas in Somalia and Ethiopia.

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This species is at present known from just four localities. Originally discovered in the 1930s on the border between Ethiopia and northern Somalia, where found in dry, open woodland with a sparse ground-cover of grass and low herbage, it has more recently been observed at the adjacent sides of Dargah Bur and Aware in Ethiopia. Here it lives in flat, semi-desert country, being active 

by day and occupying burrows in sandy soil, into which it retreats head-first when disturbed. Presumably the broad and extraordinarily spiny tail serves as a very effective deterrent to any predator that might be tempted to follow this lizard into its lair. 

*By Malcolm largen and stephen spawls. 2010. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition chimaira. Hardcover. 693 pp. isBN 9783899734669.

This agamas reach  10 см, including tail. The tail resemble small «shield», which  give the lizard english name – «shield tailed agama». They are pretty hardy in captivity in case their needs are properly meet. Xenagama species possess an unique behavior – they blocked  at night by their shield tails the entrance of  short holes they deep as shelter. This is the original way of protection against predators. 

digging out Xenagama taylori from its burrow - копия Xenagama taylori burrow - копия

Xenagama taylori habitat Somalia - копия

 

Photo by Thomas Price

We keep & breed Хеnаgаmа tayloriin BION Terrarium Center since 2003. For October 2014, we have 5 adult males, 3 adult females and 3 juveniles 1 year old as current breeding stock. We hope to receive more animals for breeding program soon.

 Keeping in captivity

Terrarium:    For adults –  90х660 cm. Substrate:  loam mixed  with clay  (depth 10-12 cm). See the pictures.

Babies and juveniles are kept in open plastic boxes 60x40x30 cm. Substrate: paper towels .

Cage for breeding of X.taylori in BION Cage for Xcenagama taylori

Decoration: Potsherds as hiding places. For babies we use egg trays.

Lighting : full spectrum Zoo Med lamp “Reptisun UV.10”; up to 14 hours at summer and 5-6 hours at winter .

Heating: 60 watt spot lamp ; up to 14 hours at summer and 5-6 hours at wintertime.

UV: Full spectrum Zoo Med lamp “Reptisun UV.10”; up to 14 hours at summer and 5-6 hours at wintertime.

Temperature: day time - 28°C (basking place – 40-45°C), night time - 22-24°C.

Humidity: 50-60%. It should be sufficiently dry in the terrarium. But it is necessary to keep moist down level of  substrate because these lizards are good diggers.

Diet:  For adults: crickets, roaches, zophobas, mealworms, sometimes butterflies of Pyralidae family. Size of insects is 0.8-1 cm. Food is provided every other day by 3-5 insects per head. Also we offer salad on a daily base . Summer version: dandelion, nettle, hemp, clover, plantain, leaves of cultivated grapes. Winter version: Chinese cabbage, different kinds of green salads, parsley, celery, carrot.

For babies: crickets, roaches, zophobas, mealworms, sometimes butterflies of Pyralidae family. Size of insects is 0.3-0.5 cm. Food is provided every day by 3-5 insects per head. Salad is given in small quantities on a  daily base.

Mineral supplements:  Each feeding we sprinkle insects with calcium (especially it’s important for babies and pregnant females). We use Reptical + D3.

Mineral all  from Repashi for babies and adults – 1 time per week.

We provide Reptivit with D3  to all babies starting from 2 months age.

Breeding

Males and females of Xenagamas reach their sexual maturity at 15-18 months. The best reproduction level   females achieved at their  2 years . Sexual dimorphism is evident at the age of 5-7 months. Males differs from females by slightly smaller size, more intensive turquoise color of the chin and neck while stressing, as well as the presence of distinct femoral pores above the hole, covered with waxy yellow grease.

 

We keep adult lizards in groups 1:2,  also possible to keep in groups 1:3.

To stimulate reproduction we provide hibernation (soft conditions). We make the hibernation from the beginning of November till the beginning of February. We make hibernation in the same terrariums, where the lizards are kept. The temperature that time is 22-24°C, day length  5-6 hours. Fresh water is available all  time, humidity is low -  50-60% (just misting the soil at the basking place).

Mating (we didn’t observe) presumably occurs after hibernation, subject to increase day length to 14 hours step by step.

AS the matter of fact we incubated Xenagama eggs in two ways:

          1.  In the terrarium (at the place the clutch is laid). We just slightly moist soil in this place on a regular base. The temperature is the same as in the terrarium - 24°C (with nocturnal fluctuations to 22-24°C).

$1       2.   In the incubator with a constant temperature  28°C.

In both cases the incubation finished  gives the similar hatching results.

Breeding statistics:

-         In 2013 we got 9 babies (3clutches of 17 eggs total)

-         In 2014 we got 4babies (1 clutch of 6 eggs total)

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Keeping of  offsprings:

We recommend keeping Xenagama babies according to their sizes. We keep new born lizards by 2-3 heads in open plastic boxes 60x40x30 cmtill their 5-6 months age.

We spray the box with newborn babies moderately onlyat the morning during the first 2 months.

Very important: to provide UV, vitamins and mineral supplements on a regular base.

After the determination of sexual dimorphism (approximately in 6 months old) we keep all agamas as adult lizards.

Veterinary issues:

If the soil is too wet, fungus can appear on the animals skin. For treating you need to bathe lizards in a solution of Betadine® every other day (a few drops of medicine on 1 liter of warm water, which should be light yellow color).

In case of bites of other lisards you need to treat the bitten place with hydrogen peroxide, and then apply veterinary ointment Mastijet® Forte to the wound. Use the ointment every other day until a crust on the wound.

There must be a lot of hiding places (1-2 per head) in the terrarium to avoid aggression &  bites .

Useful sources:

- *Malcolm largen and stephen spawls. 2010. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition chimaira. Hardcover. 693 pp. isBN 9783899734669.

- Randall L. Gray. 2003. Desert Lizards: Captive Husbandry and Propagation. Krieger Publishing Company. Malabar. Florida

 

The breeding of Giant leaf tailed gecko ( Uroplatus giganteus ) at BION Terrarium Center

by Anna Ivanuna & Lilja Krivosheeva

phoca thumb l img 5562 phoca thumb l img 5563

Preface

Uroplatus giganteus inhabits primary mid-altitude rainforests  at the north of Madagascar and is well known from the national park Montagne d’Ambre.

For many years this species was considered as “white eyed” subspecies of Uroplatus fimbriatus but  was descrided as the new species in 2006 (BYGlaw, Kosuch, Henkel, Sound & Bohme). As the matter of fact both species are resemble each other but also have the morphological difference. Apart of U.fimbriatus U.giganteus show at the night white eyes with red lines.

According the name “giganteus” – it is  the largest of all existed Uroplatus species for today.

The basic color of U.giganteus could varied from  grey till dark orange with brown. The babies usually show a  light grey coloring .

IMG 0134 Uroplatus giganteus 2 UNS  8 см-выход от 9.09.2014 IMG 2595

For November 25, 2014, we have 4 adult males, 4 adult females and 2 juveniles 1 year old as our breeding stock. + 10 eggs in incubator. For the moment 9 U,giganteus are hatched in BION Terrarium Center.

The details of keeping

Cages: For adult pairs  we are using  90х65х120 cm glass terrariums with two ventilation’s panels on top and below front side of each cage.

Substrate: Large pieces of  oak bark. For babies we are using  30х30х30 cm glass terrariums. Young geckos are  kept one by one. With the growth of animals we put the min larger cages.

Keeping adult Uroplatus  giganteus in BION U.giganteus in BION                            

Substrate: small pieces of oak bark

Decoration: We always  settle large vertical and horizontal branches for adult species and smaler size branches – for babies; artificial lianas; sometimes -  live plants .

Diet:  For adults: large roaches, locusts, crickets,snails. The size of insects & snails should be not less than 2.5 cm. Food is provided 1-2 times per week by 1-2 insects or snails per head

For babies: roaches, locusts, crickets. The size of insects is always correspond with gecko  size. Food is provided 3 times per week by 3 insects per head.

Lighting :  Full spectrum  lamp is providing on a regular base;  Light duration - 10 hours per day from all year round except  2 winter months.  

Heating: 40 watt spot lamp, temperature in a  basking place – maximum  29°C. During 2-5 hours at winter time (depends on the temperature in the terrarium).

UV: Full spectrum Zoo Med lamp “Reptisun 5 UVB”; 1-2 hours per day.

Temperature: day  - 24-26°C (basking place - maximum 29°C), night  - 20-23°C.

Humidity: 60-80% is achieved by spraying cage & decorations 2 timesper day.

Mineral supplements: The dish with  Calcium with D3(powder) is provided on a regular base. 

Breeding

Males and females could reach their sexual maturity around 2.5 years.

We keep adult lizards in pairs (1:1).

One female makes 3-5 clutches per season.

The clutch consists of 1-2 (more often 2) eggs.

ur.giganteus    10.06.2014 ur.giganteus    10.06.2014img 0015

In average 1 female gives up to 6 fertile eggs per season.

Pregnancy lasts about 30-50 days.

There are about 30-50 days between two clutches.

The incubation period is around 3.5-4.5 months.

We try incubating eggs in two temperature ways to see how it will affect sex of newborn lizards:

-         First way : day  - 24-25°C, night - 22-23°C;

-         Second way : day  - 23-24°C, night - 21-22°C                            

The humidity levelof  should be around 75-85% (a drop of water  appears on the surface of vermiculate after pressing it by fingers).

Breeding statistics:

We got first clutch of 2 eggs in July 2013 from a single female. Hatchling  occurred in November 2013.

In 2014 we got 5 clutches from 4 females, including 25 eggs total (18 fertile + 7 unfertile)

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For the moment 9 babies are hatched. Other eggs are still in process of incubation.

 IMG 6473 phoca thumb l img 0407

Keeping offsprings: 

The size of  new born lisards are  about 9-11 cm, including tail. According to our observations, if a baby is born smaller, it usually  don’t survive.

Healthy babies grow well adding by 1-1.5cm to their size each month taking into consideration the increasing cage dimensions  in the process of growth (size of terrarium should be changed every 1.5-2 months).

Veterinary issues:

Rickets (deformation and softening of the bones) may develop in juveniles and adults in case of wrong care. 

In this case the exposure of UV should be increased (“hard” UV over than 280nm during 2 minutes every other day until improvement)

Also the dose of calcium should be increased (liquid calcium gluconate can be offered with drinking by 2-3 drops from a syringe 2 ml every other day until the condition improves).

Mouth rot occurs when keeping at low temperatures. For treatment we use Vitamin C (orallyby 1-2 drops from a syringe 2 ml every other day), Dioksidin (dioxydinum) solution & veterinary ointment “Mastidek-A” (applying to jaws with a cotton swab). 

Sources: 

Frank Glaw - Miguel Vences. 2007: Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag GbR 3rd Edition. 496 pp. Germany

Sacha Svatek and Susanna van Duin. 2001. Leaf-tailed geckos – the Genus Uroplatus. Brahmer-Verlag, 161 p. Germany

 http://www.arkive.org/uroplatus/uroplatus-giganteus/

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/172756/0

http://wondersofnature.forum.com.kz/viewtopic.php?id=15

http://www.uroplatus.org/

http://translate.google.com.ua/translate?hl=ru&sl=en&u=

http://www.uroplatus.org/&prev=search

http://geckophilia.com/forums/gekkony-afriki-madagaskara-i-prilezhaschix-ostrovov.37/