BION`s breeding info

THE BREEDING & RAISING OF FURCIFER BALTEATUS IN UKRAINE

by Sergei Prokopiev (Kharkiv, Ukraine)

Found stock:

Three young males and six females were obtained in January 2012 from the public zoo.

adult female IMG 6416                      

 The keeping conditions:

Adult chameleons are kept one by one in terrariums 65x65x80cm.

Decorations and equipment: branches, live plants, water drops system and the 40 watts lamp. We don’t provide an additional heating or UV lamps.

Illumination: we provide 12 hours of day light.

Temperature: day 24-26ºC, night 21-23ºC.

Diet: crickets, cockroaches, zophobas. We don’t give vitamins, only calcium supplementation. 

Breeding:

Only three females were involved in the breeding after reaching sexual maturity.

IMG 6794 IMG 6805

One female was kept together with male during the period from 24.09.14 till 01.11.14. We observed mating, but the female does not become immune to male courtship and doesn’t express “pregnant” behavior.

Meanwhile this female laid clutch on 21.02.2015 (the time from the last observed mating was 83 days).

Two other females mated once on 23.01.2015 and 16.01.2015 accordingly, then they start to show signs of “pregnant” behavior like rejection of the male, expressed in aggressive mood and color changing. Clutches were laid on 01.04.2015 and 16.04.2015 accordingly. The time from observed mating was 67 and 88 days accordingly.

Temperature of incubation: 22-24º C with diapause 1,5 month long at 16-17º C.

Weight of eggs - 1,4-1,9 gram. Size - 20-25mm / 11-14mm.

The incubation period is about 13-18 months.

IMG 2504 IMG 2505

Breeding statistics:

3 clutches from 3 females by 24, 25 and 26 eggs were obtained in February - April 2015.

For the moment – 16.09.2016 we have 8, 13 and 15 babies from each clutch accordingly.

The first hatched on 28.07.2016 and the last on 10.09.2016.

20 eggs are still in the incubator.

The percentage of unfertile eggs should be clear at the end of complete incubation period.

Babies mortality for the moment is fortunately ZERO!

Size of new hatched babies is 8-9,5 cm, including tail. Weight is 1,2-1,8 gram.

IMG 2506 IMG 2328

Babies are kept in groups (15,13 & 8) in terrariums 65x65x80cm.

The conditions are the same as for adults. They feed on small crickets and cockroaches and getting robust pretty fast.

IMG 2475 IMG 2498

We’ll publish more info (with author permission) about the unique experience of breeding & raising Furcifer balteatus later this year . 

STRONGLY HOPE THAT ESTABLISHING OF FURCIFER BALTEATUS IN HERPETOCULTURE COULD BE A GREAT ACHIEVMENT OF COMING YEAR.

P.S. Sergei Prokopiev is BION’s business partner since 1996 and successful chameleon’s breeder  having positive results with Chamaeleo calyptratus, Trioceros deremensis, T. hoehnelli, T. jaksonii, T. melleri, T. montium, T. quadricornis,  Furcifer pardalis,  F. lateralis,  F. balteatus, Calumma parsonii, etc.

For more info please check:

http://bion.com.ua/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=11&Itemid=143

 

The keeping & breeding of Mossy leaf-tail gecko (UROPLATUS SIKORAE) at BION Terrarium Center

by Anna Ivanuna & Lilya Krivosheeva

Ur sikkorae Moramanga F1   DSC02458 7 brend

Biology:  Uroplatus sikorae (Boettger, 1913) is a species of gecko commonly referred to as the mossy leaf-tailed gecko. Uroplatus sikorae is endemic to Madagascar. These geckos are an arboreal species relying on their natural camouflage as they dwell among the trees of the Eastern and central tropical forests of Madagascar.

Uroplatus sikorae distribution

Uroplatus sikorae has coloration developed as camouflage, most being grayish brown to black or greenish brown with various markings meant to resemble tree bark; down to the lichens and moss found on the bark.

The mossy leaf-tailed gecko ranges in size from 15 to 20 centimeters (6 to 8 in) when measured from nose to base of the tail.

BION Terrarium Center provides keeping and breeding of Uroplatus sikorae since 2012, and for 2016 we have a group of 22 males and 22 females in breeding project with this species.

The founder stock was legally imported as w.c. from Madagascar in 2012.

Ur sikorae Moramanga

The keeping conditions

Decorations: the big number of horizontal and vertical branches, live and plastic plants, lianas and piece of barks.

Substrate: soil with coconut chips as a lower level and small-size or middle-size bark pieces, covered with dry leaf-litter (usually, oak).

Illumination: we provide our animals up to 9 hours day light (with 5 UVB full spectrum lamp) during the breeding season, and 7 hours long day during autumn and winter period.

Temperature and heating: day 24-25ºC, night 21-23ºC. The 40 W lamps are used for basking spot, but basking temperature should be not more than 26ºC! The higher temperature can injure animals! During winter season no need to heat.

Humidity:75-85% - both for adults and babies reached by 2-3 spraying a day.

  Ur sikoraeDSC09787 2 brend  Ur sikoraeDSC09787 5 brend

Diet:  For adults: Turkestan cockroaches (Shelfordella tartara); locusts and crickets. The size of insects should be not more than 1.5 cm. From time to time we give them snails. Food is provided 1-2 times per week by 1-2 insects per head. If the certain animal has a tendency to obesity (due to low activity) number of feedings should be reduced.

For babies: Turkestan cockroaches (Shelfordella tartara) and crickets. The size of insects should be not more than 0.5 cm. Food is provided by following:

For specimens up to 2 months old – 2-3 times per week by 2-3 insects per head.

For speciemens older than 2 months – 1-2 times per week by 2-3 insects per head

Mineral supplements:  Every other feeding we sprinkle insects with calcium and vitamins. We use Zoo Med “Reptivit with D3” and “Reptivit without D3”, Reptical. Also we give “Mineral All-in-One” from Repashi one time per week.

Breeding

Males and females reach sexual maturity around 24-30 months.

We keep adult lizards in pairs (1:1).

One female makes 3-5 clutches per season. The clutch consists of 1-2 eggs.

In average 1 female gives up to 7 fertile eggs per season.

Incubation period takes 75-110 days with temperature 24 - 25°С (day) and 22 - 23°С (night). Lower incubation temperatures lead to a lengthening of the incubation period, but the kids are hatched stronger.

The size of new hatched babies is around 6-7 cm.

1 brend2 brend

 Breeding statistics:

-  In 2012 we have got 2 babies

-  In 2013 we have got 19 babies

-  In 2014 we have got 8 babies

-  In 2015 we have got 32 babies

Offsprings

The total length of new-hatched geckos is near 6-7 cm and they add by 0,5 cm to their size every 2 month. Group of 3-5 juveniles could be settled together.

 Ur sikkorae MDA  UNS2 DSC02563 4 brend

Veterinary

Geckos are liable to problems with shedding, which may be caused by low humidity or vitamin A deficit. To avoid it, you need to increase the overall humidity in the terrarium.

Also, in case of problems we give to drink them the solution of vitamin product “Chiktonik” (2-5 times in 2-3 days with concentration 1 part of vitamin for 100 parts of water) if any signs of shedding problems are visible.

 The second main problem is the luck of Calcium. Tremors, spasms in the limbs could appear. We give to such animals orally the solution: dry powder calcium diluted with glucose by 2-3 drops per head every other day until symptoms disappear. For adult animals also you can use solution of calcium chloride by 2-3 drops 2 times per week until symptoms disappear. After laying eggs we also give to every female orally solution of calcium chloride by 7-10 drops every other day.

Also these geckos are suffered from dehydration. Their tails are twisted. In this case we provide such animals orally Locke-Ringer solution by 4-6 drops every other day.

Useful sources:

 

 - Frank Glaw - Miguel Vences. 2007: Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag GbR 3rd Edition. 496 pp. Germany

 

 - Sacha Svatek and Susanna van Duin. 2001. Leaf-tailed geckos – the Genus Uroplatus.Brahmer-Verlag, 161 p. Germany

 

http://www.zooclub.ru/rept/vidy/139.shtml

http://www.zoopicture.ru/uroplatus-sikorae/

http://zoodb.ru/reptilia/squamata/gekkonidae/37545-Uroplatus-sikorae.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uroplatus_sikorae

 

The keeping & breeding of Spearpoint leaf-tail gecko (UROPLATUS EBENAUI) at BION Terrarium Center

by Anna Ivanuna & Lilya Krivosheeva

Ur ebenaui black F 1  DSC02727 3

Biology: Uroplatus ebenaui (Boettger, 1879), commonly known as the spearpoint leaf-tail gecko, is an arboreal and nocturnal gecko, which is found on Nosy Bé island and in western and northern Madagascar. Uroplatus ebenaui lives in tropical rain forests and dry deciduous forests.

Uroplatus ebenaui distribution

Uroplatus ebenaui is the smallest species of Uroplatus and can reach a total length of around 80 mm (including tail). Uroplatus ebenaui resemble the closely related satanic leaf-tailed gecko (Uroplatus phantasticus), but lack a long leaf-like tail. They can be easily distinguished by the color present in the back of their throats; "true" Uroplatus ebenaui possess a black coloration while other subspecies have a pink coloration.

BION Terrarium Center provides keeping and breeding of Uroplatus ebenaui since 2014, and for 2016 we have a group of 6 males and 13 females in breeding project with this species.

The founder stock was legally imported as w.c. from Madagascar in 2013.

The keeping conditions

Enclosure:The terrarium size for adult species is not less than 45x45x45 cm. For babies from the beginning we use plastic boxes 30х15х20 cm in the first 1,5 – 2 months, in 2 months  we use the same terrarium as for adult specimens.

Decorations: the big number of thin branches (vertical and horizontal) and live plants are provided.

Illumination: we provide our animals 10 hours day light (with 5 UVB full spectrum lamp) during the breeding season, and 8 hours - long day during autumn -winter period.

  Ur ebenaui  DSC09779 3 brend

Temperature and heating: only in winter to maintain the temperature 24°C. Other time we keep them without heating. The optimal temperature for Uroplatus ebenaui is 19-22°C (night) and 24°C (day). The higher temperature can injure animals! The basking spot is not needed. 

Humidity:70-80% - both for adults and babies.

Diet: For adults: Turkestan cockroaches (Shelfordella tartara); lobster cockroaches (Nauphoeta cinerea), but this species of insects should be proposed with the help of tweezers, as insects bury to the substrate; crickets. The size of insects should be not more than 1.2 cm. Food is provided 1-2 times per week by 2-3 insects per head. If the certain animal has a tendency to obesity (due to low activity) the number of feedings should be reduced.

For babies: Turkestan cockroaches (Shelfordella tartara); lobster cockroaches (Nauphoeta cinerea), crickets. The size of insects should be not more than 0.7 cm. Food is provided by following:

For species up to 1,5 months old – 2-3 times per week by 3 insects per head.

For species older than 1,5 months – 1-2 times per week by 3 insects per head

Mineral supplements:  Every other feeding we sprinkle insects with calcium and vitamins. We use Zoo Med “Reptivit with D3” and “Reptivit without D3”, Reptical. Also we give “Mineral All-in-One” from Repashi one time per week.

Breeding

Males and females reach their sexual maturity around 24-30 months.

We keep adult lizards in pairs (1:1) or in groups (1:2).

One female makes 2-3 clutches per season. The clutch consists of 1-2 eggs.

In average 1 female gives up to 5 fertile eggs per season.

Incubation period takes 75-90 days, temperature 24 - 25 °С.

The size of new hatched babies is around 3 cm (including tail).

Breeding statistics:

-    In 2014 we have got 38 babies from 50 eggs

-    In 2015 we have got 37 babies from 48 eggs.

IMG 7619 brend

DSC00351 brend

Offsprings

The total size of new-hatched geckos is near 3 cm and they add by 0,5 cm to their size every 2 month. Up to 2 months old we keep them in plastic boxes not more than 2 pieces in every box. After that we use glass terrariums and keep them by 2-4 pieces depends on terrarium's dimensions.

IMG 0643 brend

Veterinary

Geckos are liable to problems with shedding, which may be caused by low humidity or vitamin A deficit. To avoid it, you need to increase the overall humidity in the terrarium.

Also, in case of problems we give to drink them the solution of vitamin product “Chiktonik” (2-5 times in 2-3 days with concentration 1 part of vitamin for 100 parts of water) if any signs of shedding problems are visible.

Useful sources:

 - Frank Glaw - Miguel Vences. 2007: Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag GbR 3rd Edition. 496 pp. Germany

 - Sacha Svatek and Susanna van Duin. 2001. Leaf-tailed geckos – the Genus Uroplatus.Brahmer-Verlag, 161 p. Germany

 http://vitawater.ru/terra/auth-mat/edmonds/uroplat.shtml

http://zoopitomec.org.ua/p14972867-ploskohvostyj-gekkon-ebenaui.html

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/172792/0

http://clasbio.ru/classification.php?id=80224

http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Uroplatus&species=ebenaui

The breeding of Yellow-headed Water Monitor (VARANUS CUMINGI) breeding at BION Terrarium Center

By Dmitri Tkachev & Ivan Neizko

The Yellow-headed Water Monitor (Varanus cumingi) is one of the smallest members of Varanus salvator group, and one of the most bright-colored and attractive. It inhabits mangroves and tropic moist forest of Philippines (endemic species to Philippines islands), but can also be found in modified habitats in low- to mid- elevations. The density of populations is quite low.

cumingi-neu

Adult lizards usually attain a length of about 150 cm. The basic coloration of adults is dark with yellow bands mostly yellow head.

 AS other monitors V. cumingi is a diurnal  predaceous species. It’s preferable prey on fish, but small-scale rodents, lizards, amphibians, arthropods etc. could be eaten as well. Generally, we have fragmentary information about biology of these interesting  monitors.

The breeding in captivity of V. cumingi was successful several times, but still remains the significant event.

We recieved a pair of Yellow-headed water monitors as juveniles at 2013.  The first breeding in BION took place at 2015.

 

Keeping conditions

The size of enclosure is 150x100x100cm .

Substrate: bark pieces, leaf litter, wood scrap (from deciduous trees). The layer’s thickness is about 8 cm, providing a possibility of scrabbling.

Decoration: large water container about 25-30 cm depth, with filter, is provided necessary for drinking and swimming. The temperature of water is from 23 to 26 º C.

Illumination: full spectrum lamp. Day length from April till July is usually 14 hours, and from August till March 7 hours.

Temperature and heating: full spectrum lamp OSRAM 300 W provides 50º C  at  basking spot. UV light is  important for young animals, so we use UV lamp synchronous with full spectrum lamp. Temperature at the enclosure is 27-28º C at night and 28-32º C during daytime.

 Humidity: 60-80%.

Diet: adult animals receive rats, mice, fish, pieces of chicken hearts and eggs of quail. We feed them twice a week.

 Mineral supplements: 000.

Hibernation: gradually lowering of temperature and day length starts in October. Two weeks of wintering pass with the 24º C temperature and 7 hours day lighting. After the cold period, we return gradually heating and lighting   to the summer level. The warm period begins in April.

Breeding

According our experience V.cumingi in captivity become mature at the age of 2.5 years.

Breeding season begin in April, when we start observing mating, and lasts up to July. Male is quite aggressive then, and can even injure female quite serious(personal observation)! So, female needs more shelters during this period.

The first clutch we  in July 2015=5 eggs, 4 hathlings

Temperature of incubation: 29-30º C

Duration of incubation: 200-204 days.

Humidity during incubation: 70-90% (a drop of water should appear on the surface of substrate ( vermiculate)  after pressing ).

Offsprings

Hatching of each egg takes over 3 days. Youngs are aggressive, and we keep them separately, at the conditions, common to adult’s ones.

 

 

Their SV length was about 120 mm, with total 33 cm, weight is 30-36 g.

We keep young animals in plastic boxes.

Substrate: paper towels.

Humidity: babies need spraying on a daily base  + a water bowl.

Feeding: crickets and pieces rat meat, every second day.

Calcium supplement is offered with every feeding.

Veterinary

Till this moment, only problems with traumatized female took place in our lab during mating seazon. Surgery helped to cure animal.

Useful sources:

http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Varanus&species=cumingi

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/169897/0

http://www.monitor-lizards.net/species/soterosaurus/cumingi.html

http://www.bion.com.ua/index.php?option=com_phocagallery&view=category&id=153&Itemid=134

http://www.inaturalist.org/taxa/116296-Varanus-cumingi-samarensis

The keeping & breeding of Northern Flat-tail gecko (UROPLATUS ALLUAUDI) at BION Terrarium Center

By Dmitri Tkachev & Anna Ivanuna

Uroplatus  allaudi  M2  DSC04183

Biology: Uroplatus alluaudi (Mocquard, 1894) is a medium-sized leaf-tailed gecko with a snout-vent length (SVL) of between 69-79 mm (Glaw and Vences, 2007). The species is found in dense transition forest at medium altitude associated with the sub-humid microclimate. It is described as arboreal, and can occur in anthropogenically disturbed habitat (D'Cruze et al., 2008). The species can be confused with U. guentheri. 

 Ur allaudi  F 1  DSC01860 Ur allaudi  M 2  DSC01856

Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar. Prior to 2006, the species was only known from its type locality and was believed to have a range restricted to the isolated northern rainforest of Montagne d’Ambre.

Uroplatus alluaudi distribution 

Source:  The initial found stock was obtained  at 2012 as the custom’s confiscate. Together with others partners - we launched a joint pilot project  with this species.  In 2015, in the context of BION’s general Uroplatus breeding program,  we formed the found stock  and  began to continue this project independently.  BION Terrarium Center currently has breeding stock: 7 adult males and 7 females as  the first generation(F1) .

The keeping conditions

Enclosure: adult animals are kept in pairs. The terrarium size is 45x45x60 cm.

Uroplatus  allaudi  terr   DSC04190  Uroplatus  allaudi  terr babys   DSC04211

Substrate: the level of small bark pieces, covered with dry leaf-litter (usually, oak).

Decoration: a number of shelters inside the enclosure are provided. We use tree branches with hollows, bamboo tubes, coco shells, etc. Live and plastic plants are used as well. Water bowl should be used on a daily base.

Illumination: full spectrum lamps are used on a daily base.  We provide day length up to 10 hours in breeding season and 6-8 hours in autumn-winter season.

Temperature and heating: day 23-26ºC, night 20-23ºC in summer; day 22-26ºC, night 16-20ºC in winter. The 40 W lamps are used for basking spot, but basking temperature should be not more than 29ºC. During winter season the period of heating is 2-5 hours per day only.

Humidity: 60-80% - both for adults and babies.

Diet:  We feed our Uroplatus alluaudi by Shefordella tartara, Pyralidae sps. and crickets. The  insect’s size is not less than 15 mm for adults and not less than 7 mm for babies. We give 1-2 insects per each feeding to adult lizard 1 or 2 times a week and 3 insects per each feeding to juvenile lizard 2 or 3 times a week.

If the animal has a tendency to obesity (due to low activity), number of feedings should be reduced.

Mineral supplements: we use Calcium powder every second feeding (with insects) and sometimes we use D3. We also use multivitamins once per week.

We offer additional calcium supplements to females after each egg laying  in a liquid form - calcium gluconate or calcium chloride (0.2 ml for one individual in a day, 5 times at all)

Breeding

Animals become sexually mature at the age of 18 month. Females are larger than males of the same age.

For today (06.04.2016) we   received from our females up to 3 clutches (1-2 eggs in each) during the breeding season (from September to December 2015):

Ur allaudi кладка 29.01.2016 1 

1st female - 3 clutches of 2 eggs

2nd female - 3 clutches of 2 eggs

3rd female - 2 clutches (1 and 2 eggs accordingly)

4th female - 2 clutches of 2 eggs

5th female - 1 clutch (2 egg)

6th female - 1 clutch (2 eggs)

7th-female - 3 clutch (3 eggs) (unfertile)

U.allaudi clutches 

Hibernation: To stimulate breeding in 2016 we provide  mild hibernation  at their cages. Males and females were kept separately( from the beginning of January to mid-February (1.5 months) at temperatures of 20-23ºC during the day and 18-20ºC at night, gradually reducing the temperature and illumination). Feeding: once per week by 1-2 crickets .

Breeding statistics

2015 – we received 15 clutches totally (26 eggs = 22 eggs good + 2 eggs became bad during incubation + 2 eggs unfertile)

2016 – in January  we received first 4 babies in January, and 2 babies in March.

Offsprings 6 babies ( according the last report on 6.04.2016)

The TL (total length) of newborn babies is around 40-50 mm

 1 DSC02854а 2 DSC02870а

The duration of Incubation period  - 74-124 days

 Uroplatus  allaudi   baby DSC04223 Ur allaudi uns  BC DSC03184

Veterinary

Geckos, especially babies are liable to problems with shedding, which may be caused by low humidity or vitamin A deficit. To avoid it, the high humidity at the enclosures is necessary.

Also, in case of problems we spray our animals with solution of vitamin product “Chiktonik” (2-5 times a day, twice a week, with concentration 1 part of  vitamin for 100 parts of water) if any signs of shedding problems are visible.

Conclusion

Despite these species are extremely rare in captivity because of luck of the official quotes for export they could be breed on a regular base in case of proper care and conditions.

As the matter of fact for today BION is one of very few  legal sources of these lizards in captivity.

Useful sources

Frank Glaw - Miguel Vences. 2007: Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag GbR 3rd Edition. 496 pp. Germany

Sacha Svatek and Susanna van Duin. 2001. Leaf-tailed geckos – the Genus Uroplatus. Brahmer-Verlag, 161 p. Germany

-http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Uroplatus&species=alluaudi&search_param=%28%28search%3D%27uroplatus%27%29%29

-https://www.researchgate.net/publication/237417879_A_new_finding_of_Uroplatus_alluaudi_in_north-eastern_Madagascar_widens_considerably_its_distribution_range_Reptilia_Gekkonidae

 

The keeping & breeding of Costa Rican rainbow stripe galliwasp (DIPLOGLOSSUS MONOTROPIS) at BION Terrarium Center

by Dmitri Tkachev & Ivan Neizko

 

Diploglossus is a genus of New World diploglossid  lizards, with 19 described species, commonly known as galliwasps. They are diurnal and terrestrial  lizards .

Distribution: Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador 

 86708816 costarica4641115

 Diploglossus monotropis(KUHL, 1820)occurs in regions of rain forest and monsoon rain forest. This species is not common & hard to find in nature because of their life style. 

Source: On January 2016, the breeding group of Diploglossus monotropis in BION includes 3 adult males and 4 females. This group was imported from Panama in December 2013.

Keeping conditions:

Cage: we use glass terrariums  70x50x50 cm for keeping one adult animal or pair. As the matter of fact we keep them separately due to very aggressive character and   keep pairs together only in breeding season.

DSCF0777 

Substrate: dried leaves, fine bark, sphagnum moss, coconut copra or chips in one mixture.  The substrate level should be not less than 10-12 cm  for comfortable digging & security of these lizards. According to our observations, they are active only at early morning and at the dusk. 

 

Equipment: large water bowl is provided because these lizards like to stay in water. Few shelters inside the enclosure are provided. We are using the pieces of bark and bamboo tubes. In breeding season we use moist chamber (box with damp moss)  for female’s cages.

Illumination: full spectrum lamps are provided.  8 hours of artificial light   from August till April and up to 14 hours of  light   from April till August.

Temperature and heating: we don’t use the additional heating and keep the day temperature at  26-28ºC &  22-24ºC at night.

Humidity: we keep 50-60% at the enclosure and 70-80 % of the soil. We provide intensive spraying of the substrate on a regular base.

Diet: feeding 2-3 times per week. We usually propose  crickets and locusts by 5-6 feeding objects for each adult animal. Also  1 pink mouse (one week old) per each animal 1-2 times per month.  

During the molting (10-14 days) lizards do not eat at all.

Mineral supplements: we use Calcium with D3 and vitamins powder every second feeding (with insects).

Breeding:

Animals become sexually mature presumably at the age of 2-4 years old.

  DSCF4502

2014 year:

No hibernation at all. On 15.04.2014 we put 3 pairs together . The courtship began almost immediately; the mating lasted over 4.5 hours. The male keeps the female behind the head ( several copulations in each case took place). On 27.05.2014 we received the clutch of 5 unfertile eggs from one female. She laid clutch under the water bowl. Pregnancy duration was 42 days.

2015 year:

Hibernation started on 10.11.2014 from the gradual reduction of temperature and day length. Food was offered. From 20.11.2014 illumination was switched off. Food wasn’t offered from this date. Temperature  was 26ºC, humidity - 70-80 %.

19.02.2015 females were put together with males. Day length -  12 hours.

10.03.2015 – matingof group #3.

25.04.2015 – mating of group #1. The male keeps the female behind the head during long time (5-8 hours). Copulations last for 20-30 minutes. Between copulations (1-1.5 hours) the male don’t release the head of the female. 3-5 copulations happened in such way. 

We didn’t observe the mating of groups #2 and #4.

26.05.2015 – we received clutch (4 unfertile eggs) from female #2. She laid under piece of bark in the soil (sphagnum moss & coconut copra).

20.06.2015 – we received clutch (4 unfertile eggs) from female #4.

26.06.2015 – we received clutch (3 unfertile eggs) from female #3.

17.07.2015 – we received clutch (3 unfertile eggs) from female #1.

  DSCF2712

Breeding statistics:

2014 – we received 1 clutch from 1 female  (5 unfertile eggs)

2015 – we received 4 clutches from 4 females (14 unfertile eggs all together)

 DSCF2904 DSCF2906

Conclusion: For the moment we are informed about only one positive result of D.monotropis  breeding at the zoo in U.S.A and one in outdoors enclosure in Costa Rica. All information concerning captive breeding of these species is appreciated.

Veterinary:

Rickets (deformation and softening of bones) could be a problem in case of wrong care. To prevent - the exposure of UV should be increased (“hard” UV over than 280nm during 2 minutes every other day until improvement). Also dose of calcium should be increased (calcium gluconate in liquid should be offered orally by 2-3 drops from 2 ml syringe every other day until the situation improves.

Useful sources:

http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Diploglossus&species=monotropis

https://www.durrell.org/library/document/galliwasp_sap.pdf

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=um1Guar6GUs

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/280690783_New_records_of_Diploglossus_monotropis_Kuhl_1820_Squamata_Anguidae_from_Uraba_and_Magdalena_River_Valley_Colombia_with_an_updated_geographic_distribution_map

 

 

The keeping & breeding of Uroplatus guentheri at BION Terrarium Center: keeping, breeding and some notable facts

by Anna Ivanuna, Lilya Krivosheeva & Anna Golenko

Uroplatus guentheri, or Gunter’s Flat-tail Gecko, is a nocturnal medium-sized species, which lives in dry deciduous forest with rainless summer and extremely wet winter season. In their natural conditions winter lasts from March-April to October-November. Animals were recorded from western part of Madagascar (as an endemic species) at elevations between 30 and 120 meters above the sea level. The extent of occurrence is estimated to be 3,554 km². These geckos have been observed at height 1-6 metreson the bushes and low trees.

640px-Uroplatus guentheri distributionUroplatus guentheri reach alength 150 mm(including tail). They are colored in shades of brown and grey, and may also have black spots. The drawing on the belly side is used for individual identification of specimens because this drawing does not change with the years. However, day and night coloration of each animal can be different. The sex difference is visible in adult animals: the males have enlarged hemipene bulbs.

As all members of the genus, U.  guentheri is insectivorous species (but can also consume other small invertebrates) with dusk and night activity.

Uroplatus guentheri is protected by CITES II/B, so keeping and breeding of captive-bred individuals is possible with due paperwork only

BION Terrarium Center currently(for September 2015) has 3 adult males and 3 females, a group of juveniles and some eggs on incubation. We provide breeding project with this species, according with our general Uroplatus breeding programm.

 

The founder stock was legally imported as w.c. from Madagascar.

The typical enclosure conditions

Enclosure: adult animals can feel well keeping in pairs or in groups of 1 male with 2 females. The terrarium size  is 450x450x600 mm. Two males, if put together, may fight.

Substrate: 4-7 cm of small bark pieces, covered with dry leaf-litter (usually, oak).

Decoration: a  number of shelters inside the enclosure are recommended. You can use tree branches with hollows, bamboo tubes, coco shells, etc. Live and plastic plants are recommended. Water bowl should be used on a daily base.

Illumination: full spectrum lamp is necessary for all age individuals. Day length should be 9 hours in summer and 7 hours in winter season.

Temperature and heating: day 24-26º C, night 19-23º C in summer; day 22-26º C, night 16-18º C in winter. The 40 W lamps can be used for basking spot, if a general temperature is too low.

Humidity: 70-90% in winter (rainy season, 2-3 spraying a day), 60% in summer (soft dry season, 1 spraying a day). During 2-3 weeks in summer we recommend to spray animals only once per 2-3 days, and in combination with 26º C day temperature it makes the imitation of natural dry season.

Diet: U.  guentheri can feed on different insects. We usually propose them Shefordella tartara, locust larvae (3 cm) and crickets (1,5 cm). We give 2-3 insects per each lizard 1 or 2 times a week (depending on the health of animal, to avoid fatness).

Mineral supplements: we use Calcium powder with feed once or twice per month, and lumb calcium in dishes is always available. Gravid females receive more calcium powder. Also, we give vitamin powder 1 or 2 times a month.

Hibernation: dry summer and chilly winter seasons, see above.

Veterinary

Fatness is the main health problem for our animals. Keeping this in mind a bland diet is the only technology we practice. 

Breeding

Animals become sexually mature at the age of 12-18 month.

Breeding season falls on April-September. One female usually makes 1-2 clutches a year, laying 1-2 spherical eggs in leaf-litter every time.

Temperature of incubation: 22-24º C during day, 22-24º C at night.

Humidity for incubation: 70-80% (a drop of water should appear on the surface of substrate – vermiculite – after pressing it).

Incubation period takes 100-110 days.

Offsprings

We recommend keeping babies in glass terrariums 350x300x350 mm, and not less. Group of 2-3 juveniles could be settled together.

Paper towels are preferable as a substrate. Lighting, heating, temperature and decoration are generally similar to adult’s enclosures, but cooler and more humid.

Babies need spraying 2-3 times a day ( the level of humidity about 70%).

The first feed are crickets and Shefordella tartara larvae (0,5 cm) 3 times per week (3-4 insects for each gecko). Calcium should be proposed with every feeding. Be careful to prevent fatness.

At the age of 10 month young animals can be sexed.

USEFUL SOURCES 

Frank Glaw - Miguel Vences. 2007: Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag GbR 3rd Edition. 496 pp. Germany 

Sacha Svatek and Susanna van Duin. 2001. Leaf-tailed geckos – the Genus Uroplatus. Brahmer-Verlag, 161 p. Germany

References and useful links

http://www.uroplatus.org/species-index/alluaudi-group/uroplatus-guentheri

https://sites.google.com/site/geckosincorporated/home/uroplatus-guentheri

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/172927/0

http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Uroplatus&species=guentheri

https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.143704052354560.28427.128484257209873&type=3

Furcifer lateralis keeping and breeding at BION Terrarium Center: more information in the context of our Chameleon species project

by Lilia Krivosheeva, Olga Bilyga & Anna Golenko

Carpet Chameleon, or Jeweled Chameleon (Furcifer lateralis), is one of numerous Madagascar endemic species. It inhabits large territories of the island, excepting the North and Northwestern regions, and can be found at a variety of elevations, from sea-level to 2,000 meters above sea level.

 

Furcifer lateralis is extremely adaptable and is not much affected by human habitation the way that many other species are. It prefers humid forests, but can also be found in dryer areas, and around human modified landscapes. Though it is considered a forest edge species that is associated with herbaceous vegetation and shrubby grasslands, it has also been recorded inside forest and in altered habitats.

 

Carpet Chameleonscan reach a maximum length of 17-20 cm, including tail. The males are usually larger, they have green coloration with bright pattern, including bands of white, yellow and orange.Females are smaller and have a wider range of colours. Both sexes have striped throats and lips. As most of Chameleon species, individuals change their colour depending on physiologic and enviromental factors.

Animals are diurnal, insectivorous, rather active and sociable.

Furcifer lateralis has a large estimated distribution of more than 130,000km². This species is listed on Appendix II of CITES. Catching is restricted to an export quota of 2,000 specimens a year, and there is no distinction made between the subspecies.

We have already got 5 males and 10 females in our adult breeding group, and there are more than 120 juveniles in our laboratory at the moment (September 2015).

 

The typical enclosure conditions

Enclosure: we keep adult animals separately at the well ventilated cages 60x60x60 cm made from metallic   wire all year round, and place them in couples only for mating.

Substrate: paper sheets, or nothing at all.

Decoration: tree branches, live plants. Feeding dish should be fixed nearby the middle of terrarium height. Water bowl is not needed.

Illumination: full spectrum lamp is necessary for all age individuals. Day length is usually 12 hours, and only 10 hours in winter season.

Temperature and heating: temperature should be about 22-24º C at night and 25-28º C (not more) during daytime, without spot lamps.

Humidity: 50-60% for adults (spraying with warm water 1-2 times a day).

Diet: adult individuals receive different insects (crickets, cockroaches, locusts etc.)  2-3 times per week (5-6 feeding objects for each chameleon). We use meal-warms too – 4 larvae once a week.

Mineral supplements: we give Calcium powder with feed once per 10 days for our adult group, and we use vitamins once a week.

Hibernation: winter season is delicate, we just settle shorter light day (10 hours  lighting).

Veterinary

Juveniles in general demonstrate good survival and growth. However, exceeding humidity for adults can lead to stomatitis and dermatitis. 

Breeding

Furcifer lateralis females become sexually mature at the age of 5-8 month, but first mating is recommended in the age of 8-9 month (to prevent health problems).

During breeding season we keep chameleons in pairs. Gravid female has visibly dark coloration. 

IMG 3414 IMG 3407

Gravidity takes about 5-7 weeks after mating. After it, female bury clutch (usually 8-16 eggs) into a substrate, thus a dish with peat or peat+vermiculite is needed at this time. About 90% of eggs we have got in 2015 were fertile.

Temperature of incubation: 25º C during the first 2 month, 18º C (next 2 month),  and 25º C for 2 month until hatching.

Humidity for incubation: 70-80% (a drop of water should appear on the surface of substrate – vermiculite – after pressing it).

Incubation period takes 7-9 month.

 

Offsprings

Hatchlings usually are 3-5 cm long, and during the first month they grow up to 5-8 cm.

We keep young animals in the same type cages 60x60x60 cm, with the similar decorations, as the adult individuals. Juveniles can be placed in groups of 3-4 during the first week of life. If keep youngs separately, they grow up faster.

Paper towels are recommended as a substrate.

Babies need spraying 2-3 times a day (humidity about 70%).

The first feed is Drosophila melanogaster (always available for youngs), and we offer Shefordella tartara larvae 3 times per week (7-10 insects for each chameleon). Calcium should be proposed with every feeding.

From the age of 50 days, males and females are sexable. Also 6 month animals become sexually mature.

USEFUL SOURCES

Frank Glaw - Miguel Vences. 2007: Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag GbR 3rd Edition. 496 pp. Germany

Petr Necas. 2004: Chameleons: Nature`s hidden jewels. Edition Chimaira. 380 pp. Frankfurt am Main 

References and useful links

 http://www.chameleonnews.com/06MayStanford.html

  https://www.facebook.com/pages/Furcifer-Lateralis-Community/400282743371004

  http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/42696174/0

  http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Furcifer&species=lateralis

A new success in Uromastyx thomasi breeding at BION Terrarium Center

by Dmitri Tkachev,  Ivan Neizhko  & Anna Golenko

The Omani Spiny-tailed Lizard (Uromastyx thomasi) is one of about 18 species of genus Uromastyx. 

IMG 20150821 0001According to Thomas M.Wilms (Studybook Breeding Programme Uromastyx thomasi Oman-Spiny-tailed lizard, First annual report (2006) Uromastyx thomasi lives in coastal Oman. The status of the wild population is unknown, but preliminary investigations suggest, that this species is not common in wide parts of the range (WILMS, unpublished). The distribution area of U. thomasi has a length of approx. 600 km and a maximum width of 230 km. Obviously not all types of landscape (e.g. mountainous areas) represented in the natural range of the species are suitable for them as habitats. 

U.tomassi desert in Oman U.thomassi shelter

U.thomassi habitat

However, the results of laboratory research and international breeding projects give grounds for creating population ex situ.

U. thomasi are middle-sized mastigures with distinctive appearance and quite attractive coloration. They inhabits arid climate areas and are activedaytime. In fact, they need rather hot day temperatures to live and reproduce. Their diet includes seeds and different plants, but depends on season (live or drained plants, flowers, seeds).

At present this species is quite rare and endangered in nature. The U. thomassi research started  in 2000, when the first successful breeding was obtained in Germany.

BION Terrarium Center has been implementing it`s own breeding project of U. thomasi during last few years, and as of August 2015 we have already got 5 clutches (15 juveniles have hatched and 31 eggs are still on incubation) from 1 male and 4 females. We hope, it`s a beginning of long-term work with these amazing animals.

Typical enclosure conditions:

Cage: we use glass terrarium 90x70x65 cm for keeping adult pair or 1 male and 2 females. During the period of making clutches, females might be aggressive and animals need more control. Sometimes we keep them separately. In winter males are kept in separate cages.

Substrate: bank sand (for adults).

Decoration:  wooden, ceramic and stone shelters – at least 2 per cage.

Water bowl is necessary in breeding season only.

Lighting: we use full spectrum lamps 80 w and 300 w. The day length is 10-12 hours during a period of activity and 14 hours in breeding season. During winter season lighting is not needed but spot lamp only.

Temperature: during a period of activity we usually use a quality  lamps (Osram , Raptor, Zoo Med) 100 w or more depending on cage size, but the temperature at the enclosure should be controlled to avoid overheating. It should be +25-26º C at night and +29-32º C during daytime. The basking spot temperature achieves 55-60º C.

Humidity: around 50%.

Diet:

Adult lisards received food every second day. They prefer seeds (lentil, green peas), motley grass (dandelion, nettle, clover, mulberry, raspberry, blackberry, mint, plantain, knot-grass etc.) and flowers (rose, hibiscus, linden, robinia etc.). Using dried grass and flowers is also very useful out of season.

Mineral supplements: lump Calcium is always in feeding dishes.

Hibernation:

We reduce temperature and lights gradually from the beginning of January. In January-February we arrange about 2 weeks of rest at +23-26º C and without any lighting. The period of temperature and lighting increase follows later.

Breeding:

Breeding season starts with raising temperature and lighting and keeping pairs together.

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After 35-40 days of gravidity the female digs a clutch into a substrate (usually 10 to 15 eggs, 1 or 2 clutches per season). Within  this period the female feeds less.

Temperature of incubation: +29-33º C, usually +32º C.

Humidity for incubation: 60-70% (a drop of water should appear on the surface of substrate (vermiculite) after pressing it). Excessive humidity is dangerous.

Hatching occurs after 75-80 days.

Breeding in BION1212 Breeding in BION111e

 

2345665 564

 Offsprings:

First time we keep our juveniles in groups of 5 individuals. Terrarium size is 600x400x450 mm.

Substrate: paper towels.

Decoration and lighting are the same, as for adults.

Temperature at the enclosure should be about +35-40º C, and +60º C at the basking spot (where ceramic shelter to seat on should be located).

We spray our babies twice a day (in the morning and over noon) with a small amount of water.

Young animals start feeding at the age of 2 or 3 days. In general, they feed on the same plants, as adults.

Calcium should be always available.

Veterinary

Health problems of U. thomasi aren`t studied enough, and we recommend to keep all rules of responsible care to avoid health problems of your pets.

Summary

We can indicate few important points from BION’s experience to keep your thomassi healthy & happy and let them to breed:

- always keep high temperature in a basking spot and use a quality lamps like Osram or Zoo Med  on a regular base ;

- keep low humidity level – around 50%;

provide your lizards with proper area = 1 sq.m  for adult  pair or trio;

 use proper diet  including fresh flowers and no fresh fruits at all;

use dry flowers from fall to spring – as the matter of fact they help to fix your lizards stomach problems if any.

Useful sources

 - Frank Glaw - Miguel Vences. 2007: Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag GbR 3rd Edition. 496 pp. Germany

 - Randall L. Gray. 2003. Desert Lizards: Captive Husbandry and Propagation. Krieger Publishing Company. Malabar. Florida

 - Thomas M. Wilms, Species-Coordinator. 2006. Studbook / breeding Programme Oman-Spiny-tailed-Lizard (Uromastyx thomasi)

- Thomas Wilms. 2005. Uromastyx: Natural History, Captive Care, Breeding (Spiny-Tailed Lizards). Herpeton Verlag. 155 pp. Germany

  

 

Paroedura masobe keeping and breeding at BION Terrarium Center

by Anna Ivanuna & Lilja Krivosheeva

Paroedura masobe is a  interesting ground gecko species. It was described just in 1994, and it remains a jewel in herp collections to present day.

Par masobi  пара  1 IMG 1387

P. masobe is endemic to Madagascar. It`s known from low elevation sites from 300 tom above sea level.

madagascarrah1The extent of occurrence is currently 410 km2, but it probably accounts only 100 km2, according with masobe`s ecological needs. This geckos inhabit low elevation humid primary forests, where prefer height of 1-4 m above the ground.  So, surviving in agricultural land is impossible for them.

P. masobe is a biggest species of the genus Paroedura, maximum total length of individuals attains cm. Animals have unusual external view, with white-spotted dark skin and big eyes. No one subspecies of P. masobe  is known.

They are nocturnal. Their natural diet includes insects and snails.

For October 2014, BION breeding group of masobe includes 6 adult males and 6 females, and we have clutches. We have got an experience of breeding of this species in 2012, 2013 and 2014. So, we are waiting for 2015 season with great hope.

The keeping conditions

We use the vertical glass terrarium not less than 600x400x400 mm for a group of 1 male with 1-2 adult females. Except mating season, we keep individuals separately.

Substrate: soil; recommended depth of layer is 2-4 cm.

Paroedure masobe  juv самцы  3007

Decorations: tree branches, live and plastic plants, bamboo and bark shelters; water bowl, manger with Calcium.

Illumination: full spectrum lamp, 10 hours a day.

Temperature and heating: 23-26° C in day time, 20-23° C at night. The spot lamp is needed in winter (we use 40 W lamp 1-5 hours a day to provide a warm local spot of 25-26° C (not more than 27° C!)).

Humidity: the soil should be moist. Humidity at the enclosure is 70-80 %. We provide spraying twice a day.

Diet: adult animals receive crickets (1,5 cm, 3 ones 3 times per week), Shefordella tartara (3 subadults once per week), snails (1 cm, 1 snail once per week) and wood-louses (1-2 once per week).

Mineral supplements: we give Calcium and vitamins with every feeding, and the dish with Calcium powder is usually at the enclosure.

Hibernation: according to our experience, it`s possible to obtain positive breeding results without any wintering. However, our animals have a delicate winter period during the year cycle.

Breeding

Paroedura masobe individuals become sexually mature at the age of 1,5-2 years. We keep adult animals in pairs or in groups of 1 male with 2 females during all breeding season. One female makes 1-2 clutches during a season, with 1-2 eggs in each clutch. It usually lay eggs on the ground or bury into a soil.

IMG 7668 - копия

The first clutches we observed in November, after 50-60 days of gravidity.

Temperature of incubation: 23-25° C in day time, 18-20° C at night.

We incubate eggs in laboratory conditions, at the dish with vermiculate. Humidity should be 60-80 % (a drop of water should appear on the surface of substrate after pressing it).

Hatchling occurs after 4,5-5 month.

IMG 3286

Offsprings

We use the plastic boxes of useful size, with a substrate of paper towels, for each juvenile.

2 times a day spraying, water bowl, different shelters and plastic plants are necessary.

Ration includes crickets (0,5-0,7 cm, 5 ones 5 times per week) and Shefordella tartara larvae (3 ones 2 times per week).

For youngs, we use calcium powder with every feeding and calcium gluconate with water every day (2-3 drops into a water bowl or water for spraying).

Veterinary

The main problem for P. masobe is decalcination. That`s why we provide our animals with a high dose of mineral supplements and UV light. Moreover, youngs are very delicate. So, you should keep and take them maximum carefully to avoid causing stress.

Useful sources

 - Frank Glaw - Miguel Vences. 2007: Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag GbR 3rd Edition. 496 pp. Germany

http://www.luckyreptile.com/tiere/150/en/pid1,467$pid2,59$pid3,195/animals.html 

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/172883/0

http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Paroedura&species=masobe