Breeding & keeping info

CALUMMA PARSONII IN UKRAINE

THE BREEDING & RAISING CALUMMA PARSONII IN UKRAINE

by Lilja Krivosheeva

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Sergei Prokop'ev (Kharkiv, Ukraine) is a recognized  chameleons breeder and and BION’s important business partner since 2006.

The list of chameleons species breed by S.Prokopiev: Furcifer pardalis, Chamaeleo calyptratus, Chamaeleo jacksonii, Chamaeleo montium, Chamaeleo quadricornis, Chamaeleo honeli, Chamaeleo melleri, Chamaeleo fischeri, Chamaeleo deremensis, Calumma parsonii.

He currently works with Furcifer lateralis, Furcifer campani and other new species.

From the beginning found stock included 3 males and 4 females.

Starting 2000 S.Prokopiev is making  C.parsonii project together with BION (as well as few other projects) with Sergei Prokopiev as Project Coordinator.

In 2012 and 2014 Sergei spent 60 days in Madagascar to understand the biology of different Malagasian  chameleons species in nature .

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Below you can see some interesting (and possibly first published info) on keeping & breeding of Calumma parsonii  in captivity obtained both in S.Prokopiev chameleon’s breeding center (Kharkov) & BION Terrarium Center (Kiev), Ukraine.

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 Females make one clutch per season. The females doesn’t lay eggs every year.

The clutch consists of 20-60 eggs.

The number of the eggs depends of female’s size and age.

Pregnancy lasts about 6 months.

Incubation period takes 15-24 months.

Adult specimens are kept separately in vertical terrariums 200x100x150cm and pairs are placed together in mating period only.

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The details of keeping

Decoration: Branches, artificial plants.

Equipment: system of drip irrigation.

Lighting12 hours in summer, 8 hours in winter (dormant period from October till March) provided by Zoo Med lamps UV.10 (05-48 E). 

Heating: Spot lamp 60 watt

UV:  12 hours in summer, 8 hours in winter (dormant period from October till March) provided by Zoo Med lamps UV.10 (05-48 E).

Temperature: day - 23-25°C, night - 18-20°C.  

Humidity:   80-90% is achieved by intensive spraying the cage 2 times per day.       

Water:  System of drip irrigation (pouring of water in to irrigation system 2 times per day. Dripping of water during 30 minutes)

Diet:  Crickets, Turkestan roaches, locusts (without the hind legs).  For adults food is provided every other day by  3-5 insects per head, for babies - every day by  5-7 insects per head.

Mineral supplements:  each feeding. (Reptivit & Reptical with D3)

box with parsons clutch  1 dsf

Due to initial lack of information concerning the incubation of  C.parsonii eggs, we developed the original incubation scheme.

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At the same time we considered the maximum period of the incubation, known from the literature.

Thus, the entire incubation time was divided into several periods, based on the estimated natural temperature regimes: 

 

Duration of the period

The required temperature, °С

1

First 3 months

23(+/- 1)°C

2

The next 2.5 months (first  diapause)

16-18°C

3

The next 10 months

24(+/-1)°C

4

The next 2 months (second   diapause)

16-18°C

5

Further, till the hatchling

24°C

Incubation at "high" temperature is runs in incubators. The temperature there is about 23-25°C.

Incubation at "low" temperatures takes place in a specially equipped dormant room with air conditioning. The temperature there is about 18°C.

Eggs were placed in boxes with vermiculite from the beginning.

Eggs are inspected 3 times per week.

Humidificationis performedas needed. Humidity of vermiculite is maintained within 70-80% (a drop of water should appear on the surface of substrate after pressing it by fingers).

Eggs infected by bacteria or fungal diseases are treated regularly with a solution of hydrogen peroxide 2%.

"Irrigation" should  to be done to simulate  rainy season starting from the 13th  month of incubation during  2 months. Eggs are sprayed times per week by distilled water with temperature 24-25°C.

As mentioned above, firstly clutches incubated on vermiculite, but after some time mildew appeared on many eggs. Therefore it was decided to use wet wipes as a substrate.

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Duration ofthe incubation ranged from 13.5to 21 months, hatching could continue for 2 months and even more in the same clutch!

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Observations show that if the baby comes out strong, then its further keeping is not a problem.

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Keeping of offsprings:

The size of new borns are about 8-8.5cm, including tail.  

Healthy Parson’s kids grow well adding by 1cm to their size each month.

Babies before 4 months of age must receive additional feeding withthe main food. Main food includes crickets and Turkestan roaches. Additional food is a fruit fly (Drosophila). It’s bred directly into theterrarium with chameleons (at least 1-2 glasses of nutrient mixture for Drosophila per one chameleon).

Veterinary issues:

Rickets (deformation and softening of the bones) may develop in juveniles and adults in case of wrong care. 

In this case the exposure of UV should be increased (“hard” UV over than 280nm during 2 minutes every other day until improvement)

Also dose of calcium should be increased (liquid calcium gluconate can be offered with drinking by 2-3 drops from a syringe ml every other day until the condition improves).

 

Useful links:

http://myreptile.ru/articles/lizards/Calumma_Parsonii.html

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/172896/0

http://www.skypoint.com/members/mikefry/parsonii2.html

http://www.yourchameleon.com/calumma_parsonii.html

http://chameleonworld.ru/vid/hameleon-parsoni/

http://en.climate-data.org/location/717888/ - the weather of Madagascar